HIV Statistics

There are a lot of people who you can hear speaking about HIV and AIDS and this happens constantly because the specialist feel like there is need to raise the awareness of the population to acknowledge the presence of this virus and the risks that the infection carries. In this article, I am going to present some statistics regarding HIV and AIDS.

At this moment, AIDS is defined in people who reached the age of 13 years and being one of the 25 conditions that indicate a severe immunosuppression or infection with HIV in case of people. In this case, the number of CD4+ cells drops below 200 cells per cubic mm of blood. AIDS is considered as the final stage of an infection that has a continuous characteristic, but at the same time, it is also progressive and pathogenic. Since the rate of prevalence of HIV in the developing world is high, the HIV infection and all the complications that it causes will be present in the world in the next period of time. At this moment, AIDS is one of the leading causes of death in the world.

In our days, about 33.2 million people have been infected with HIV in the world. The actual range is of about 30.6 million and 36.1 million, and about 22.5 million people among them are living in the region of sub-Saharan Africa and in this location, the adult prevalence is of about 6%.

The sad truth is that there are about 14,000 new infections that occur on an everyday basis in the world, and 90% of the cases usually happen in the developing countries. It is even sadder that about 1,000 of the new cases are children who are less than 15 years old. Regarding the infected people who are adults, about 40% of them are women and about 15% of the infected people are between 15 and 25 years old.

There are many children, who contract the infection before they were born, because of the perinatal infection. About 30%-50% of the cases are when the infection is transmitted from the mother to the child, through breast feeding and about 25% of the babies who are born to infected mothers contract the HIV infection.

In October 2008, according to the CDC, the HIV/AIDS has been seen as an epidemic. The new estimates that have been released in that time said that there have been about 1,106,400 adolescents and adults in the U. S, who have been living with an HIV infection at the end of the year of 2006. At the end of 2003, this number has been said to be of about 994,000 and in 1999, it has been said that there have been 641,086 infected people. This shows that the prevalence of HIV has increased by about 112,000 between 2003 and 2006, which means about 11% increase. I think that by now you know a lot more about the HIV infection prevalence and statistics.

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